Despite wider economic uncertainty, the majority of SME and Mid-Market businesses surveyed are planning to grow in 2019 but struggle to see the value of tax relief to drive that growth, according to new research from KPMG.
While 94% of businesses are predicting to grow at least 5% for the year ahead, less than a quarter (24%) of businesses see the tax system as a key driver, highlighting the need for more understanding of the tax reliefs and incentives on offer.
KPMG’s second annual Backing Business Growth survey spoke to 1,000 small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and Mid-Market businesses across the UK with an annual turnover of at least £10m – 82% of which are privately-owned – to explore their attitudes to the tax system and whether it is providing the most effective incentives and support for their growth ambitions.
Businesses understand importance of tax but don’t make full use of reliefs on offer
The majority (87%) of respondents said that tax was important to at least some extent in making business decisions but only around a quarter (27%) said that they were making full use of the tax reliefs and incentives on offer.
Businesses were clear in identifying the policies they felt were the greatest drivers of job creation and investment (such as additional tax relief for employee training and the Enterprise Investment Scheme) but were less clear on linking tax initiatives to specific outcomes that drive innovation, creativity and productivity.
Mike Linter, partner and head of National Markets Tax said: “Understanding how well the tax system is working for SME and Mid-Market businesses - the engine-room of the UK economy - could not be more important, especially as we move towards a post-Brexit economy.
“It’s positive to see that these businesses are planning to grow and this underlines their ambition. However our research shows that there are significant gaps where businesses struggle to use the tax system to help them reach their goals and find it difficult to link tax initiatives to specific outcomes.”
Calls for tax system simplification
Almost two-thirds of businesses feel that current tax policy is broadly on the right lines to encourage growth. However a similar number (63%) said that simplifying the tax system should be the priority of the government and felt (62%) that the tax system is too complex.
Contrast between fast growth and moderate growth businesses
While overall, the majority of those surveyed do not think tax is a ‘driver for growth’, segmenting businesses by growth expectation revealed differing attitudes between companies expecting fast or moderate growth.
Among higher growth businesses, 78% think the tax system supports growth compared to just 18% within the moderate growth segment.
Similarly compared with 27% of businesses that say they are making maximum use of the tax system, this rises to 75% within the fastest growing segment, suggesting that growth businesses are more engaged with the tax system. The report found further differences when looking at the size of firm, its location and the sector that it operates in.
Mike Linter concluded: “The data shows that businesses consistently feel that there is too much complexity in the system – the right incentives are there but making the most of them is not always straightforward for SME and Mid-Market businesses, which are often resource-constrained.
“Furthermore a businesses’ level of engagement can depend on a number of factors such as their growth aspirations, size of company, location and the sector that they operate in.
“One possible way forward could be to provide more explanation of the intentions behind policies which might help to raise awareness amongst these businesses. Equally businesses need to view tax as a valuable lever to grow or invest and consider it upfront as part of their decision making process rather than retro-fitting it during the tax return cycle. Only through better engagement and understanding will we be able to drive growth from the tax system through to business.”
Businesses were split on how policy could best drive local activity. Almost a third (31%) of fast growth companies want city mayors to be able to flex business rates, but only 5% of moderate growth companies agree. Targeted regional relief gains some support in Scotland (23%) and helping attract international investment in the South West (23%). Enterprise zones are the most popular in the North West and East and West Midlands (17%).