OECD unemployment rate falls to 5.2% in April 2019

13-Jun-2019

The OECD unemployment rate fell by 0.1 percentage point, to 5.2%, in April 2019. Across the OECD, 33.2 million people were unemployed.

In the euro area, the unemployment rate declined in April by 0.1 percentage point for the second consecutive month, to 7.6%. It fell by 0.2 percentage point in  Spain (to 13.8%, having decreased almost every month since its July 2013 peak) and Lithuania (to 5.8%). By contrast, the unemployment rate increased by 0.2 percentage point in Portugal, to 6.7%, but remained more than 10 percentage points below its January 2013 peak.

Outside Europe, the unemployment rate decreased in the United States (by 0.2 percentage point, to 3.6%), Canada (by 0.1 percentage point, to 5.7%) and Japan (by 0.1 percentage point, to 2.4%), while it increased by 0.3 percentage point in Korea, to 4.1%. The unemployment rate was stable at 3.5% in Mexico. More recent data for May show that the unemployment rate declined further in Canada (by 0.3 percentage point, to 5.4%, the lowest level since comparable data became available in 1976) and was stable in the United States (at 3.6%).

In April, the OECD unemployment rate for youth (people aged 15 to 24) was stable at 11.1%, with 8.1 million young people unemployed across the OECD. In the euro area, the youth unemployment rate continued its downward trend in April (down 0.1 percentage point, to 15.8%), with decreases by 1.0 percentage point or more in Ireland, Latvia and Spain. However, the youth unemployment rate remained above 30% in Italy (31.4%), Spain (32.7%) and Greece (40.4% in March, the latest month available).

Table 1: OECD Unemployment Rates, s.a.

Percentage of the labour force

2016

2017

2018

2018

2019

2018

2019

 

 

 

 

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Nov

Dec

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

OECD - Total

6.3

5.8

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.2

5.3

5.4

5.3

5.3

5.2

Major Seven

5.5

5.0

4.6

4.6

4.5

4.4

4.4

4.4

4.5

4.5

4.4

4.4

4.3

European Union

8.6

7.6

6.8

6.9

6.7

6.6

6.5

6.6

6.6

6.5

6.5

6.4

6.4

Euro area

10.0

9.1

8.2

8.3

8.0

7.9

7.8

7.9

7.9

7.8

7.8

7.7

7.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

5.7

5.6

5.3

5.4

5.2

5.0

5.0

5.1

5.0

5.0

4.9

5.1

5.2

Austria

6.0

5.5

4.9

4.8

4.9

4.7

4.7

4.6

4.6

4.7

4.7

4.8

4.7

Belgium (1)

7.9

7.1

6.0

6.2

5.7

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.7

5.7

Canada (2)

7.0

6.3

5.8

5.9

5.9

5.6

5.8

5.6

5.6

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.7

Chile

6.5

6.7

7.0

6.8

6.9

7.2

6.9

7.2

7.1

7.0

6.9

6.9

 

Czech Republic

4.0

2.9

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.1

2.0

2.0

2.1

2.0

1.9

2.0

2.1

Denmark

6.2

5.7

5.0

5.0

4.9

5.0

5.3

5.1

5.0

5.2

5.2

5.4

5.3

Estonia

6.8

5.8

5.4

5.1

5.4

4.6

4.3

4.4

4.2

4.3

4.6

4.1

 

Finland

8.8

8.6

7.4

7.6

7.2

6.9

6.7

6.9

6.7

6.7

6.7

6.8

6.8

France

10.1

9.4

9.1

9.1

9.0

8.9

8.7

8.9

8.9

8.8

8.7

8.7

8.7

Germany

4.1

3.8

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.3

3.2

3.3

3.3

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

Greece

23.6

21.5

19.3

19.5

18.9

18.6

18.4

18.6

18.5

18.6

18.4

18.1

 

Hungary

5.1

4.2

3.7

3.7

3.7

3.7

3.4

3.7

3.7

3.5

3.4

3.4

 

Iceland

3.0

2.8

2.7

2.9

2.7

2.8

3.0

2.8

2.8

3.0

3.0

3.0

 

Ireland

8.4

6.7

5.8

5.9

5.7

5.6

5.0

5.6

5.5

5.2

5.0

4.7

4.6

Israel

4.8

4.2

4.0

4.0

4.1

4.2

4.0

4.1

4.2

4.2

4.0

3.9

3.8

Italy

11.7

11.2

10.6

10.7

10.3

10.6

10.4

10.6

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.2

10.2

Japan

3.1

2.8

2.4

2.4

2.4

2.4

2.4

2.5

2.4

2.5

2.3

2.5

2.4

Korea

3.7

3.7

3.8

3.8

4.0

3.8

4.0

3.8

3.8

4.4

3.7

3.8

4.1

Latvia

9.6

8.7

7.4

7.7

7.1

6.9

6.6

6.9

6.9

6.8

6.6

6.4

6.4

Lithuania

7.9

7.1

6.2

6.1

6.2

5.9

6.0

5.8

5.8

5.9

6.0

6.0

5.8

Luxembourg

6.3

5.6

5.4

5.6

5.4

5.1

5.3

5.1

5.0

5.1

5.3

5.5

5.5

Mexico

3.9

3.4

3.3

3.4

3.3

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.6

3.4

3.4

3.5

3.5

Netherlands

6.0

4.9

3.8

3.9

3.8

3.6

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.6

3.4

3.3

3.3

New Zealand

5.1

4.7

4.3

4.4

4.0

4.3

4.2

 

 

 

Norway

4.8

4.2

3.9

3.8

4.0

3.8

3.7

3.8

3.7

3.8

3.8

3.5

 

Poland

6.2

4.9

3.9

3.7

3.9

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.7

Portugal

11.2

9.0

7.1

7.0

6.8

6.6

6.5

6.7

6.6

6.6

6.5

6.5

6.7

Slovak Republic

9.7

8.1

6.5

6.7

6.3

6.0

5.8

6.0

5.9

5.9

5.8

5.7

5.7

Slovenia

8.0

6.6

5.1

5.3

5.1

4.4

4.4

4.4

4.3

4.3

4.4

4.4

4.4

Spain

19.7

17.2

15.3

15.4

15.0

14.5

14.2

14.5

14.4

14.3

14.2

14.0

13.8

Sweden

7.0

6.7

6.3

6.3

6.5

6.2

6.3

6.2

6.4

6.0

6.2

6.7

5.9

Switzerland

4.9

4.8

4.7

4.8

4.4

4.7

4.7

 

 

 

Turkey

10.9

10.9

11.0

10.6

11.3

12.2

 

12.2

12.7

13.3

13.6

 

 

United Kingdom

4.8

4.4

4.0

4.0

4.0

3.9

 

3.9

3.8

3.8

3.7

 

United States (3)

4.9

4.4

3.9

3.9

3.8

3.8

3.9

3.7

3.9

4.0

3.8

3.8

3.6

Notes:

(1) Belgium: Due to a methodological break in the Labour Force Survey, data from the 1st quarter of 2017 onwards are not comparable with previous data.

(2) Canada: Unemployment rate for May 2019 was 5.4%.

(3) United States: Unemployment rate for May 2019 was 3.6%.

Table 2: Unemployment Rates by Gender, s.a.

Percentage of the labour force of each group

 

Women

Men

 

2018

2018

2019

2019

2018

2018

2019

2019

 

 

Q4

Q1

Feb

Mar

Apr

 

Q4

Q1

Feb

Mar

Apr

OECD - Total

5.4

5.4

5.4

5.4

5.3

5.3

5.2

5.2

5.2

5.2

5.2

5.1

Major Seven

4.5

4.4

4.4

4.4

4.3

4.2

4.6

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.4

European Union

7.1

6.9

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.7

6.6

6.4

6.2

6.2

6.1

6.1

Euro area

8.6

8.3

8.2

8.2

8.1

8.1

7.9

7.6

7.4

7.4

7.3

7.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

5.3

5.0

5.1

4.9

5.1

5.2

5.3

5.0

5.0

4.9

5.1

5.2

Austria

4.7

4.4

4.6

4.6

4.7

4.7

5.1

4.9

4.8

4.8

4.9

4.7

Belgium

5.6

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.3

6.3

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

Canada

5.5

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.4

5.4

6.1

6.0

6.2

6.2

6.1

6.0

Chile

7.7

8.1

7.6

7.6

7.8

 

6.4

6.6

6.4

6.4

6.3

 

Czech Republic

2.8

2.6

2.3

2.2

2.3

2.5

1.8

1.6

1.7

1.7

1.8

1.8

Denmark

5.2

5.0

5.6

5.7

5.7

5.6

4.8

4.9

4.9

4.8

5.1

5.0

Estonia

5.3

5.1

4.5

4.8

4.2

 

5.4

4.1

4.2

4.5

4.0

 

Finland

7.3

6.7

6.4

6.4

6.3

6.3

7.4

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.2

7.2

France

9.1

9.0

8.7

8.7

8.7

8.7

9.0

8.9

8.7

8.7

8.7

8.6

Germany

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

3.8

3.6

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.4

Greece

24.2

23.6

23.1

23.1

22.8

 

15.4

14.6

14.6

14.6

14.4

 

Hungary

4.0

3.7

3.4

3.4

3.3

 

3.5

3.6

3.4

3.3

3.4

 

Iceland

2.6

2.6

2.7

2.7

2.7

 

2.9

2.9

3.3

3.3

3.3

 

Ireland

5.7

5.6

4.6

4.6

4.3

4.3

5.8

5.6

5.3

5.3

5.1

4.9

Israel

4.0

4.2

4.2

4.2

4.2

4.1

4.0

4.1

3.9

3.9

3.6

3.6

Italy

11.8

11.7

11.5

11.6

11.2

11.3

9.8

9.7

9.6

9.7

9.5

9.4

Japan

2.2

2.2

2.3

2.2

2.2

2.3

2.6

2.6

2.6

2.5

2.8

2.5

Korea

3.7

3.6

3.8

3.6

3.6

3.7

3.9

4.0

4.0

3.7

3.9

4.3

Latvia

6.4

6.2

5.7

5.7

5.7

6.0

8.4

7.7

7.5

7.5

7.1

6.7

Lithuania

5.4

5.4

5.6

5.6

5.8

5.6

6.9

6.4

6.3

6.4

6.3

6.0

Luxembourg

5.7

5.4

5.6

5.6

5.9

5.9

5.1

4.9

4.9

4.9

5.1

5.2

Mexico

3.5

3.6

3.6

3.5

3.7

3.7

3.2

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.4

3.4

Netherlands

4.0

3.7

3.5

3.5

3.4

3.3

3.7

3.5

3.4

3.3

3.3

3.3

New Zealand

4.5

4.2

4.5

 

 

4.2

4.4

3.9

 

 

Norway

3.6

3.7

3.6

3.7

3.4

 

4.1

3.9

3.7

3.8

3.5

 

Poland

3.9

4.0

4.4

4.4

4.4

4.4

3.9

3.7

3.3

3.3

3.2

3.2

Portugal

7.4

7.2

7.3

7.2

7.2

7.4

6.6

6.1

5.8

5.8

5.7

6.0

Slovak Republic

7.0

6.6

6.3

6.3

6.3

6.3

6.1

5.6

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.2

Slovenia

5.7

5.0

5.1

5.1

5.3

5.3

4.6

3.9

3.7

3.7

3.6

3.6

Spain

17.0

16.3

16.1

16.1

16.0

15.8

13.7

12.9

12.5

12.5

12.3

12.1

Sweden

6.2

6.2

6.3

6.4

6.5

5.8

6.4

6.2

6.3

6.1

6.8

6.0

Switzerland

5.1

5.1

5.4

 

 

4.4

4.4

4.1

 

 

Turkey (1)

13.9

14.4

 

16.0

 

 

9.6

11.1

 

12.4

 

 

United Kingdom

4.0

3.8

 

3.6

 

4.1

4.0

 

3.8

 

United States

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.7

3.4

4.0

3.8

4.0

3.9

3.9

3.7

Note:

Turkey: Due to changes introduced in the Labour Force Survey, data by gender from January 2014 onwards are OECD estimates.

Table 3: Unemployment Rates by Age, s.a.

Percentage of the labour force of each group

 

Youth (15-24)

Prime-age and Older Workers (25+)

 

2018

2018

2019

2019

2018

2018

2019

2019

 

 

Q4

Q1

Feb

Mar

Apr

 

Q4

Q1

Feb

Mar

Apr

OECD - Total

11.1

11.1

11.2

11.2

11.1

11.1

4.6

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.5

Major Seven

9.8

9.5

9.6

9.6

9.5

9.3

3.9

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.7

European Union

15.2

14.8

14.4

14.4

14.3

14.2

6.0

5.8

5.7

5.7

5.6

5.6

Euro area

16.9

16.5

16.1

16.1

15.9

15.8

7.4

7.1

7.0

7.0

6.9

6.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

11.8

11.3

11.4

11.1

11.7

11.8

4.0

3.8

3.8

3.7

3.8

3.9

Austria

9.4

8.7

7.9

7.6

8.0

8.2

4.3

4.1

4.3

4.3

4.3

4.3

Belgium (1)

15.9

12.9

12.9

12.9

12.9

 

5.2

5.2

5.2

5.2

5.1

5.1

Canada

11.1

11.0

10.9

10.8

10.7

10.3

5.0

4.8

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

Chile

17.6

17.9

18.5

18.5

18.7

 

5.8

6.0

5.7

5.7

5.7

 

Czech Republic

6.7

5.4

6.2

6.0

6.6

6.9

2.0

1.9

1.7

1.7

1.7

1.8

Denmark

9.3

8.8

10.0

9.9

10.1

9.5

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.4

4.5

4.5

Estonia

11.7

11.2

7.6

7.1

7.6

 

4.8

4.0

4.1

4.4

3.8

 

Finland

16.9

17.3

16.8

16.8

16.7

16.7

6.1

5.5

5.3

5.3

5.4

5.4

France

20.7

20.3

20.1

20.1

20.1

20.1

7.8

7.7

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.4

Germany

6.2

5.8

5.4

5.4

5.3

5.3

3.1

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

2.9

Greece

39.9

39.7

39.8

39.4

40.4

 

18.2

17.5

17.2

17.3

16.9

 

Hungary

10.2

10.6

11.3

11.0

11.3

 

3.2

3.2

2.8

2.8

2.8

 

Iceland

6.0

7.1

7.6

7.8

7.2

 

2.1

2.0

2.1

2.1

2.2

 

Ireland

13.7

13.1

12.0

12.0

11.3

10.3

4.7

4.5

4.0

4.0

3.8

3.8

Israel (2)

7.1

7.3

5.8

6.1

4.4

6.0

3.4

3.7

3.5

3.5

3.3

3.1

Italy

32.3

32.6

31.9

32.4

30.6

31.4

9.3

9.2

 

 

 

Japan

3.7

3.3

3.4

3.4

3.6

3.9

2.3

2.3

2.4

2.2

2.4

2.3

Korea

10.5

10.4

10.3

9.9

10.8

11.9

3.4

3.4

3.5

3.3

3.3

3.5

Latvia

12.3

12.4

13.6

13.9

12.8

11.5

7.1

6.6

6.1

6.1

6.0

6.0

Lithuania

11.2

10.7

10.3

10.2

10.5

10.8

5.8

5.5

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.4

Luxembourg

13.6

11.6

12.2

12.3

12.8

13.0

4.7

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.8

4.8

Mexico

6.9

7.1

6.9

7.0

6.9

6.7

2.6

2.6

2.7

2.6

2.8

2.8

Netherlands

7.2

6.9

6.4

6.4

6.4

6.2

3.2

3.0

2.9

2.8

2.8

2.7

New Zealand

11.5

12.8

11.7

 

 

3.0

2.8

2.8

 

 

Norway

9.6

10.1

10.1

10.2

9.6

 

3.0

2.9

2.7

2.8

2.6

 

Poland

11.8

11.6

10.7

10.6

10.6

10.6

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

Portugal

20.3

19.2

17.2

16.9

17.2

17.2

6.0

5.6

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.9

Slovak Republic

14.9

13.0

11.9

11.8

11.9

12.0

5.9

5.5

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.3

Slovenia (3)

8.8

6.7

7.8

7.8

7.8

 

4.8

4.2

4.1

4.1

4.0

4.0

Spain

34.4

33.5

34.1

34.3

33.8

32.7

13.9

13.1

12.7

12.7

12.6

12.4

Sweden

16.5

17.0

17.9

17.9

18.1

16.9

5.0

4.8

4.9

4.8

5.2

4.5

Switzerland

7.9

7.9

7.1

 

 

4.3

4.3

4.4

 

 

Turkey

20.3

22.6

 

24.8

 

 

9.2

10.2

 

11.4

 

 

United Kingdom

11.3

11.1

 

10.2

 

3.0

2.8

 

2.8

 

United States

8.6

8.4

8.9

8.9

8.8

8.3

3.2

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

2.9

Notes:

(1) Belgium: Quarterly data are shown for youth unemployment.

(2) Israel: Data shown in this table are not seasonally adjusted.

(3) Slovenia: Quarterly data are shown for youth unemployment.

Table 4: Unemployment Levels, s.a.

Thousands of persons

 

2017

2018

2018

2019

2019

 

 

 

Q3

Q4

Q1

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

OECD - Total

36,282

33,697

33,454

33,497

33,873

34,296

33,613

33,721

33,242

Major Seven

18,890

17,410

17,132

17,084

17,129

17,442

16,970

16,974

16,515

European Union

18,777

16,891

16,665

16,385

16,043

16,171

16,049

15,910

15,802

Euro area

14,751

13,392

13,150

12,988

12,724

12,829

12,750

12,593

12,529

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

724

702

690

673

675

678

664

683

704

Austria

248

220

222

211

214

212

214

217

214

Belgium (1)

354

301

290

292

295

296

294

294

294

Canada

1,247

1,155

1,170

1,129

1,160

1,162

1,161

1,157

1,159

Chile

592

628

620

652

625

631

625

629

 

Czech Republic

155

121

122

112

108

109

105

109

112

Denmark

171

150

148

151

160

158

158

164

161

Estonia

41

38

38

32

30

30

32

29

 

Finland

234

202

199

188

185

184

185

186

187

France

2,788

2,700

2,681

2,670

2,599

2,622

2,592

2,583

2,575

Germany

1,621

1,468

1,458

1,428

1,397

1,405

1,397

1,388

1,377

Greece

1,027

915

899

876

863

875

865

850

 

Hungary

192

172

175

171

160

165

158

157

 

Iceland

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

 

Ireland

158

138

136

134

120

126

120

114

111

Israel

168

163

166

171

167

172

167

160

157

Italy

2,909

2,761

2,669

2,745

2,701

2,718

2,737

2,647

2,652

Japan

1,896

1,665

1,657

1,663

1,687

1,720

1,600

1,740

1,680

Korea

1,023

1,073

1,109

1,080

1,106

1,225

1,033

1,058

1,139

Latvia

85

73

70

68

65

67

65

63

62

Lithuania

103

90

90

86

88

87

88

88

85

Luxembourg

16

16

16

15

16

15

16

16

17

Mexico

1,854

1,850

1,854

1,888

1,948

1,941

1,899

2,004

1,978

Netherlands

438

350

348

331

316

329

312

307

300

New Zealand

127

118

111

120

116

 

 

Norway

116

109

112

107

104

107

106

98

 

Poland

844

659

671

647

640

641

639

639

638

Portugal

465

363

351

344

338

342

337

335

346

Slovak Republic

224

180

174

165

160

162

160

159

158

Slovenia

67

53

53

45

45

45

45

45

45

Spain

3,917

3,479

3,412

3,313

3,240

3,270

3,243

3,208

3,165

Sweden

359

343

356

340

347

331

344

367

323

Switzerland

234

231

215

232

231

 

 

Turkey

3,451

3,544

3,669

3,961

 

4,302

4,415

 

 

United Kingdom

1,447

1,347

1,354

1,307

 

1,280

1,248

 

United States

6,982

6,314

6,143

6,141

6,327

6,535

6,235

6,211

5,824

Note:

  1. Belgium: Due to a methodological break in the Labour Force Survey, data from the 1st quarter of 2017 onwards are not comparable with previous data.


Methodological Notes: http://www.oecd.org/sdd/labour-stats/44743407.pdf

The OECD area unemployment rate is calculated as the total number of unemployed persons in all OECD countries as a percentage of the total labour force (i.e., the unemployed plus those in employment); this is equivalent to an average of unemployment rates of all OECD countries weighted by the labour force of each country. Rates and levels are seasonally adjusted (s.a.).

Labour Market Statistics: http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx?queryid=36324

Country Note: Statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.

Contacts: For further information readers are invited to contact the OECD's Media Relations Division on

(33) 1 45 24 97 00 or e-mail news.contact@oecd.org

For technical questions contact stat.contact@oecd.org 

Next release: Tuesday, 9 July 2019

 

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